the art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.
"the theory and practice of perspective"
We see perspective in use every day of our lives, probably without taking any real notice, yet when it comes to putting perspective into practice on paper, it can be a stumbling block for many who are learning to art of visual communication. But it needn't be.
In it's simplest form, to use perspective, you need to identify your horizon line and your vanishing point, from which your picture's perspective lines will all point to.
This would be a single point perspective.
If you were standing in the middle of a road, or rail track (I am not suggesting you do), you would notice the road or rail tracks disappear off into the distance. The point where the track or road disappears is called a vanishing point and it sits on the horizon.
Here is an everyday scene of a road with building either side.
Here is the same scene and how single point perspective applies to it.
Put more simply, if you were to take a simple cube,
this is how it would look in single point perspective (looking from above/high angle)
Asingle point perspective was used to create the exercise from week 4
In the more recent exercises we have expanded from single figure drawing to adding background detail, whether that be scenery or purely background texture and lighting.
Here is a recap of the basics of composition we discussed in calss.
Please bare in mind that what I put forward here on this blog and in class, are based on my experiences of what I found to work successfully in my own work and also observed in other artist's work. This is by no meands to be held as a hard and fast rule to composition. Use it as a guide but also search for your own truth, your own way. Think for your self. It will be more rewarding than simply following every peice of advice I give. Put what I teach in class to the test. If you find fault with it, challenge me . Maybe I have something to learn too.
For the most part, the main thing to consider , is ballance. Does the drawing look ballanced. And if not, why not. Does the drawing lead yours, or the viewer's eye, to the main point of interest. Is your drawing communicating what you want it to. Always ask your self these questions with regards your work.
There is an old, tried and tested, theory, called, the rule of thirds . This is basically a grid comprising of nine parts.
There are four intersections
These intersections provide a guide for placing the main points of interest and creating interesting and ballanced composition.it is most often used for photography but it applies to illustration and most visual arts.
Here are a couple of examples.
Rather than just copy what I have read in books or online and reword it as if it were my own, here are some links that explain, in more detail, the rule of thirds.